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HIV/AIDS The Global Epidemic, What is the global impact of HIV?

HIV/AIDS, the virus that cause AIDS, is one of the world’s most serious public health challenges. But there is a global promise to stop new HIV infections and ensure everyone with HIV has to access to HIV treatment.

According to UNAIDS :

The number of people with HIV—There was about 37.7 million across the sphere. Were broods aged 0-14? other than half (53%) were women and girls.

About 84% of people with HIV worldwide have been tested and know their HIV status. Testing is the essential first step to accessing treatment.

New HIV Infections—An predictable 1.5 million universal individuals will acquire HIV in 2020, marking a 31% decline in new HIV infections since 2010. New HIV infections, or “HIV occurrence,” refers to the estimated number of people who newly acquire HIV during a given period, such as a year, which is different from the number of people diagnosed with HIV during a year. Of these new HIV infections:

1.3 million were individuals ages 15+

160,000 were amongst children aged 0-14 years

HIV Testing—About 84% of people with HIV internationally knew their HIV position in 2020. The residual 16% (about 6.0 million people) still require access to HIV testing services. HIV testing is essential to HIV prevention, action, care and support armed forces.

How many cases of AIDS are there?

HIV healing Access—As of June 2020, 28.2 million populace with HIV (75%) were accessing antiretroviral treatment (ART) globally. That means 9.5 million citizens are still to come. HIV treatment entrance is key to the global attempt to end AIDS as a public fitness threat. citizens with HIV who take HIV medicine as set and get and keep an undetectable viral load can live long. Healthy lives and will not broadcast HIV to their HIV-negative associates through sex.

HIV/AIDS Care Continuum—The term HIV care range refers to the steps a person with HIV takes from diagnosis through receiving treatment until their viral load is suppressed to invisible levels. Each step in the band marking by an appraisal of the figure of people who have reached that stage. The stages are diagnosing HIV, being link to checkup care, starting ART, adhering to the treatment regimen, and, finally, having HIV conceale to undetectable levels in the blood. UNAIDS reports that in 2020, of all populace with HIV worldwide:

  • 84% knew their HIV status
  • 73% were accessing ART
  • 66% virally suppressed

Mother-to-Child Transmission—In 2020, 85% of women with children with HIV use conventional ART to prevent transmitting HIV to their babies during pregnancy and childbirth and to protect their health.

Women and Girls—Every week, around 5,000 youthful women aged 15–24 years approximately the humanity acquire HIV.

AIDS-related Deaths—AIDS-related deaths have abridged by 64% since the peak in 2004 and by 47% since 2010. In 2020, around 680,000 populace died from AIDS-related illness, compared to 1.3 million in 2010.

Regional Impact—Most people with HIV are in low- and middle-income countries. In 2020, there was 20.6 million populace with HIV (55%) in eastern and southern Africa, 5.7 million (15%) in Asia and the Pacific, 4.7 million (13%) in western and central Africa, and 2.2 million (6%) in Western and Central Europe and North America.

U.S. Response to the Global Epidemic

And also, The U.S. President’s crisis Plan for AIDS Relief is the U.S. Government’s response to the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. It represents the most important promise by any nation to address a single disease in history. Through PEPFAR, the U.S. supports a safer and more secure world from infectious disease threats. It has strengthened the global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to new and existing risks—which ultimately enhances global health security and protects America’s borders. Among other global results, PEPFAR provide HIV testing services for nearly 50 million people in the Fiscal Year 2020 and, as of September 30, 2020, supported lifesaving ART for almost 18.2 million men, women, and brood.

And also, The nationwide Institutes of Health represents the world’s most significant public investment in HIV/AIDS research. NIH is engaging in global research to understand, diagnose, treat, and prevent HIV infection and its many linked circumstances and find a cure.

Conclusion:

HIV/AIDS – Worldwide, there were about 1.5 million new cases of HIV in 2020. About 37.7 million people were living with HIV around the world in 2020. An estimated 680,000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2020. An estimate 36.3 million people have die from AIDS-relating illnesses since the start of the epidemic.

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